Chickweed flowers are small, white, and are held tightly in the upper leaf axils. Chickweed grows best on moist, heavy, nitrogen rich soils at optimum constant temperatures of 12 -20°C. Seeds will germinate at a depth of 1-2 cm. Chickweed seeds like to grow in thatch so controlling lawn thatch can reduce the problem somewhat. Perhaps the most distinguishing feature of common chickweed is the single lengthwise line of fine white hair on one side of the stem but switching sides above and below each node. Once the greens are mature, cut the stems near the base of the leaves and remove any wilted or brown leaves. In the springtime, apply a post-emergent weed killer to your entire lawn or garden. They overwinter as green, dormant plants and produce seed in the spring or summer. It is a low-growing, succulent plant that can form large mats over the ground in the spring. Chickweed, also known as Common Chickweed, is extremely prevalent here in Tennessee. However, germination timings can vary throughout the year if conditions are shady, and moist enough. Its cousin, Mouseear chickweed, is a perennial, meaning the same weed continues to grow year after year. Preferred Habitat. Sticky chickweed is similar in appearance to common chickweed, but has a more upright growth habit. Chickweed is edible and is often used to feed chickens or livestock, but this is no reason to let it grow and take over your precious lawn. Another confounding feature: Chickweed bears both flowers and mature seeds simultaneously. It can harbor several viruses and other pests that affect a variety of vegetable crops. Common Chickweed, on the other hand, is an annual weed and the plant dies at the end of the season. Common Mouse Ear Chickweed will spread very quickly in soil that is chalky and dry. It grows nearly everywhere around the world. This species is used as a cooling herbal remedy, and grown as a vegetable crop and ground cover for both human and poultry consumption. In the fall, apply a pre-emergent weed killer designed to get rid of chickweed before it takes root. It does prefer moisture-rich soil but can thrive in most soil types and in any conditions. The leaves as well as stem are hairy, giving the plant a grayer appearance. Chickweed grows in all soil types, but it prefers cool weather and moist soil. Mow every week … This makes it easier to control. Chickweed … Common chickweed germinates from seed in late summer or early fall. After sprouting, chickweed grows quickly and dies shortly after flowering. It has strain green stems that can reach the length of 40cm and grow along the ground, creating roots when it meets with soil, spreading quickly. Learn about common and mouse-ear chickweed in this article. Seeds will germinate at any time of the year but particularly in spring and autumn. The following steps can lead to healthy, dense, and vigorous turf, which will resist weed invasion. They open into loose branching clusters with age on 1/2 inch hairy stalks. Chickweed is a common annual weed of both cultivated and bare ground. What To Look For. These weeds are found as spreading clumps, 4-12 inches tall. Many species of wildlife feed on its leaves and seeds. Distinguishing Characteristics . It needs seeds to reproduce, so be sure to keep your lawn mowed, which will reduce the chances of this weed going to seed. 4 Create narrow, 1/2-inch deep planting troughs using a hoe or trowel. This weed can even sprout new roots from the nodes on its stem and take over your lawn that way. There are two ways to control Chickweed chemically. As you can see from the USDA range map, common chickweed is very widespread. The seeds will not germinate if they are tilled deeper than 3/4 inch deep, but germinate quite well on the surface. Biology: Common chickweed (Stellaria media) is a winter annual broadleaf weed. In lawns, it forms dense, prostrate patches throughout North America, but can grow relatively tall in the landscape. When it's in your lawn or under your shrubs, it can form thick mats that crowd out the plants you want. Although chickweed spreads from tiny roots that emerge from nodes on the stem, the primary means of reproduction is by seed. The best way to kill chickweed is to use a chemical weed killer and keep your lawn maintained so it doesn’t grow back. Winter annual weeds like common chickweed germinate in late summer and early fall. Chickweed does grow best (thicker, larger, juicier plants) in rich, moist soil that’s high in organic matter. Remember: “If you have groundsel, you have good soil!” Native to Europe, it is an annual that germinates in the fall. To avoid having chickweed flowers running riot across your yard, it’s a good idea to engage in regular lawn mowing. Treatment. Common groundsel. So you might think you’re pulling out … Chickweed can germinate throughout the year but has two main flushes; one is early spring while the other is late fall. Leaves can be anywhere from 1/4 to 1 1/4 inch long. Most seed germinate within three yrs. The plants live for about six weeks and quickly germinate. Chickweed grows well in compacted soil. The fruit contains many seeds within a dry capsule which splits when mature, shaking out the seeds onto the soil. Common groundsel (Senecio vulgaris) is an indicator of rich soil. I find it in and around my garden. While chickweed prefers moisture-rich soils, it will grow in nearly any type of soil and under most conditions. The straggly, weak stems may stretch along the ground for two feet or more forming dense mats only a few inches off the ground. Chickweed is tenacious and recovers quickly if the roots aren’t completely removed. Chickweed is a juicy, succulent, low-growing, and delicate herb which grows from a slender taproot. 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